HISTORY

The name Broughton (in Amouderness) was originally spelt “Brochtun” meaning a “settlement on a brook”…the brook referred to is the stream to the south of the collection of buildings near the church where the original road (now the A6) crossed the stream by a ford. The name Amounderness probably comes from the Norwegian (Viking) chieftain Agemundr who settled on the Fylde and held the land between the Rivers Ribble and Lune a “ness”.

The crossroads (where the traffic lights are) may well date back to the crossing going north to Lancaster and south to Preston…east to Ribchester and west to Fleetwood. However by the 18th century the concentration of houses at the crossroads had developed with the need for “hostelries”, where the stage coaches could change horses and passengers could alight and get refreshments.

The “Shuttleworth Arms” to the east and the “Golden Ball” to the west were developed for this purpose. The “toll road” would have been about 6 feet wide with a pebbled surface, usually edged with posts to keep cattle off. The toll cottage (the house that sticks out along the east side of the A6) housed the toll collector who would charge for opening the Turnpike (a movable barrier made of wood) out of the way. The post in the hedge south of the cottage is supposed to be the rest for the turnpike.

Near the entrance to the playing fields is the Pinfold Cottage that takes its name from the stone enclosure (pictured on our website banner) 100 yards further south where animals that strayed onto the road were penned until claimed by their owners. The road then descended down the hill to the church and the ford crossing of the brook, here another settlement had developed.

There was the “grammar school” and still standing an old cottage (now a museum) that has had many uses over the centuries form school room to hostelry, a mounting block and set of stocks.

Cottage MuseumStocks outside St. John Baptist ChurchThe Pinfold

THE STORY OF BROUGHTON-IN-AMOUNDERNESS FIRST WORLD WAR MEMORIAL

As the reports of heavy losses during the 1st world war started to filter back to the country and the acknowledgement that many of the bodies would not be coming home….the movement started to have local war memorials. The 1st of these were raised as early as 1916. The requests and discussions were focused on the “clubs”, parish churches or the parish councils. In Broughton the parish council took the lead with a formal Parish meeting being called at the Village Club Room, on Whittingham Lane on the 18th December 1919.

This meeting was to decide what would be a “suitable memorial to the fallen heroes of the Parish” (A). This meeting does not list the attendees but it does mention the various types of memorials and their champions. Richard Hardman (the PC chair) suggested a cross in the Pinfold (2) and Henry Frances Wilson suggested an alms house between the police station and the post (1). However the meeting ended without a decision and meeting was adjourned until January whilst costs were looked into. The Alms-houses was dismissed in a note to the chair as being “not fundable in the current fiscal time”.

Map of proposed war memorial sites in Broughton 1916

Map of the proposed sites

A 2nd Parish meeting was held on January 28th 1920 and 18 attendees with more than half women (the only time they are at any of the meetings), they included the vicar from Broughton Parish Church the Rev Samuel Collinson, the doctor Dr.Sykes and the village policeman P.C.Kent. The Rev Father Blackos of Fernyhaugh, sent his apologies and a letter saying that the church in Fernyhaugh was looking for its “own memorial on the roadside to the shrine” (B). This meeting focused on where to put the memorial. George Hardman was presiding and said that an old parishioner had been to see him and “he was not in favour of the Pinfold (2) being used”, he felt it should be “near the church and would be willing to pay for the land in the vicarage field (4)” he also felt “that the Pinfold had been used for sheep and other animals” (A). The site proposed was “half way between the vicarage and church lane”. The vicar though there would be “difficulty in obtaining the same” (A) and suggested “brook Meadow” (5) instead. Mr Wilson though this would be to low but Mr Hardman thought it could be raised. This site was put to the meeting and they agreed unanimously. The meeting then moved to a suitable design and a committee was appointed to look at designs and costs.

This group now calling themselves “the committee” then seemed to take over the management of the memorial but did not meet again until the 16th October 1920. This meeting was a “site(s)” visit. They started on Brook Meadow (5) and decided against this, as to raise it would be expensive and if not raised it would be much lower than the road. They moved to the corner of church lane (4) no comments are made about this site. Then to Mr Wilson’s field opposite Mr. Clarks lodge (3), but this would mean cutting down many trees, so it was agreed that the Church Lane site was best. These notes are out of date order in the record book and appear to have been added at a later date with different handwriting and ink.

The next meeting was scheduled for the 8th December 1920 when the committee was to report to a full parish meeting, but it was delayed until 20th January 1921. The parish meeting started with letter from the Rev Collinson in which a number of reasons were listed (access to the church and future use of the land for building being (B), as to why the agreed site of the end of church lane would not possible). As a result the meeting rescinded the motion of the 16th October. Discussion then moved to other sites (A) Mr Collinson’s Field between the vicarage gates and church lane; considered but declined as it “was thought the commissioners would want a large piece (?).

A vintage view of Whittingham Lae

The idea of “breaking in the middle of the field” (CWGC) was seen as a waste of the field and it would mean the memorial was less accessible (B/F).Then the idea of the memorial by the “virgins” (C) square on Whittingham lane was suggested: this was seen as to far from the church and off the main through road (C), the “only other site suitable “”corner of Bank Hall Lane adjoining the highway”: this was owned by Henry Francis Wilson who said “he would be pleased to give the land”, who then lived at Broughton House (A) This was voted on and agreed with thanks.

The design for the memorial had been produced as a model by the Rev Collinson and this design was agreed, but after deciding the site a “small committee: Robert Houghton & Robert Hardman (B)” was set up to take “expert opinion” from Mr.Bluhm of St.Annes on the design/look at alterations/modifications. They also agreed to ”proceed with the appeal for the necessary funds” and advert was placed in the church paper. The memorial is a 16 foot high simple a Celtic cross of Longridge stone that was executed by Mr.M.Kay of Longridge with the 9 names engraved on the plinth, surrounded by a pavement, with steps leading from the roadway. It was hoped to place a bench nearby when more funds had been raised.

This appeal was advertised in the Preston Gazette as well as the church paper and a number of events were held. A coffee morning in the club rooms by the “Messers Cooke, Ainsworth, Sykes and Hoyle (E) and a “race day” by the primary school. Overall the cost funds raised were “about £300”. (G)

On Friday 11th November 1921 at 4pm the memorial an “unveiling ceremony was presided over by the chairman of the parish council Mr.R.Hardman” (A) It was unveiled by Lieutenant Colonel W.S.Bowes D S O who lived at Rose Cottage. The memorial was dedicated by the Reverend Collinson, with a “trumpet last post & reville” by a “detachment of RFA trumpeters” from Fulwood Barracks. (G) This was followed by “tea in the club rooms prepared by the ladies committee” (B)

Preston Gazette reports the unveiling of Broughton's new war memorial

This is not the end of the story, in February 1922 the parish council minutes stated that the “indenture” (now called custodial documents) from Mr Wilson that passed the keeping of the site to the Parish council as guardians had been received and were put in the safe keeping of the council. The PC were asked to and agreed to pay the outstanding accounts of £80 for the memorial before the Indenture was signed. This was agreed and a motion to “place the war memorial in the keeping of the parish council to maintain on behalf of the parishioners” was agreed. These documents and the ones from the East side memorial are held at the LCC archives.

OTHER MEMORIALS IN BROUGHTON

1. Broughton church houses a carved crucifix “picked up by Major A.T.R.Houghton, company commander of the 4th North Lancashire regiment, when he and his men were billeted among the ruins of a monastery at Ypres in November 1916. The figure was partly damaged by German shells”. (C)(D)
2. In the church there is also a memorial to Francis Thomas’s son Wilson who died in 1915 at Gallipoli and the memorial was unveiled by Air Marshall Sir Hugh Sydney Porter Walmsley he was the youngest son of James Walmsley who lived in Waratah on Lightfoot Lane.(C)
3. There is a war memorial built at Fernyhaugh which stands on the roadside leading to the “ladywell” shrine as envisaged by Father Blackos.

The memorial at Fernyhaugh

OTHER LINKS TO WWI

There is s reference to “the Hollies” which during the 1st WW was converted into convalescent home for soldiers and sailors and a memory that the Barton church school children used to “polish the brass inside as their contribution to the war effort” (C)
This is only the story of the WW1 memorial: after the conflict from 1939-1945 in 1948 the memorial had added the “altar style” memorial behind the WW1 cross and on the East side a bench and surround to contemplate the memorial on the West side.
The land was donated by the Dickinson family who then lived at what is now the Preston Marriott Hotel.

INSCRIPTION ON BROUGHTON WEST WAR MEMORIAL

We remember before thee, O Lord, and entrust to thy keeping those who in two
wars have died in defence of Justice and Freedom.
They shall not grow old as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them

THOSE WHO FELL IN THE FIRST WORLD WAR

Eric Osmond COLLINSON d. 18th May 1915 aged 26 Private: 16th Battalion: Canadian Infantry
Robert EVANS d. 30th July 1917 aged 35 Sergeant: 1st/4th Battalion: The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment
Charles Edward HOYLE d. 14th May 1917 aged 21 Corporal: “A” Battery 165th Brigade: Royal Field Artillery
Tom JACKSON d. 1st July 1916 aged 18 Private: 10th Battalion: The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment
Thomas Austin PAGE d. 7th June 1917 aged 26? Rifleman: 4th Battalion: 3rd New Zealand Rifle Brigade
Frank ROBERTS d. 5th September 1917 aged 24 Private: “C” Company 2nd/8th Battalion Lancashire Fusiliers
William SYKES d. 4th April 1918 aged 36 Lieutenant: 112th Battery: Royal Field Artillery
James THORNTON d 24th March 1918 aged 27 Lance Corporal: 2nd Battalion: Cameroonian’s (Scottish Rifles)
Joseph Benjamin WATSON d. 6th April 1920 aged 26? Private: Royal Army Ordnance Corps
n.b. names in brackets are people with the same surname who were at the 2nd Parish meeting, full details of all the names will be published later this year and are on the Imperial War Museum’s website: “lives of WW1”

Sources

A. Parish council minutes held at LCC archives (18/12/1919-27/06/1923
B. Original “Trust” documents for both sites held ta LCC archives (1943 & 1947)
C. Rev.George Jackson (1979 ) Broughton Roundabout Leyland Printing company
D. F.EdenWilson, R.D Houghton (1971)A short history of the Parish church of St. John the Baptist
E. Notes from LCC archives
F. CWGC notes
G. Articles in the Preston Guardian

THE STORY OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR MEMORIAL

Click here to read about Broughton's memorial to the fallen of World War Two.